Immunizations Overview

Immunizations Overview

Children are immunized to prevent diseases that may cause permanent damage to the body and mind. Vaccines are given on a carefully planned schedule to optimize a child's well-being. These vaccines have withstood the test of research and time. Although vaccines can cause side effects, these reactions are usually very brief and mild and when you look at the risks, children are much safer vaccinated than not.

Click here for a short video from the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners covering the basics, the schedule and some common misconceptions about immunizations.

For more information and links to the Center for Disease Control handouts for each immunization, please click on the underlined text.  You can also download the Vaccine Information Sheets (VIS) for your portable device

DTaP and Tdap (Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis)
Diphtheria
is a serious disease of of the upper respiratory tract. Tetanus is a disease that affects the body's muscles. Pertussis (whooping cough) causes severe spasms of cough.


HAV (hepatits A)
Hepatitis A
is a viral infection of the liver.


HBV (hepatitis B)
Hepatitis B
is an infection of the liver.


HIB
Hemophilus Influenza Type B
is one of the major causes of serious bacterial illness in young children. Infection with HIB can cause death or serious disabilities.


HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)
HPV, Genital human papillomavirus
, is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the United States.


Influenza
Influenza
is a contagious disease caused by the influenza virus. It tends to occur mostly during the winter months in Minnesota.  Flu shot or Intranasal spray, given each year from August through January. 


IPV (Polio)
Polio
is a disease that can cause permanent paralysis.

MCV4 (Meningococcal disease)
Meningococcal disease is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children ages 2 to 18 years.


MMR ( Measles, Mumps, and Rubella)
Measles is a viral illness with neurological consequences. Mumps is an infection of the body's salivary glands. Rubella is a mild childhood virus but can cause great harm to an unborn child if the mother is infected.


PCV (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine)
Streptococcus pneumonia is a bacterial infection. It causes highly highly infectious disesases like meningitis, pneumonia and blood infections. It can cause death and disability.


Rotavirus
Rotavirus
is a virus that causes severe diarrhea, frequently with vomiting and diarrhea. Children can easily become dehydrated with a rotavirus illness.


Varivax (Varicella or Chickenpox)
Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease that causes a fever, decreased energy and a characteristic rash. In rare cases chicken pox can lead to pneumonia, encephalitis (brain swelling) or death.